Among the national non-public use properties managed by the National Property Administration (NPA), national lands account for the largest portion. Due to the highly limited land resources in Taiwan, the National Property Administration has adopted “revitalizing the utilization of national assets” as its main policy direction in recent years for proper management, planning, and utilization of national lands, to increase national wealth and people’s welfare. In the early days after Taiwan retrocession, the Taiwan Provincial Administrative Executive Office took over a large number of Japanese-owned properties. On June 27, 1951, the Taiwan Provincial Government promulgated the Implementing Measures for the Release of Public Farmland in Taiwan Province to Support Land-holding Peasants, which stipulated that for the release of public lands, the competent authority shall be Land Administration Bureau of the Civil Affairs Department of the Taiwan Provincial Government, and the execution authority shall be each county and city government. As for national agricultural lands, respective county and city governments were to take over management of such lands, handling the business of release and lease of public lands. Since the inception of the National Property Bureau (NPB) in December 1960 (which was adjusted to National Property Administration (NPA) on January 1, 2013), previous practices were observed, where each county and city government was commissioned to continue the management of the national lands. Those national lands commissioned for management were mainly lands with public facilities, within the scope of urban planning, for tax deduction, as well as general farmlands, lands suitable for agriculture and pasture, and lands suitable for forestry outside the scope of urban planning, totaling in about 200,000 pieces of lands, covering an area of 131,984 hectares. The performance of county and city governments in managing the national lands was not good, where such governments were relatively passive in promoting such business. Taking 1996 as an example, the year-round rents rendered to the national treasury only totaled TWD 23 million. Therefore, when the Legislative Yuan reviewed the 1995 budget for the Ministry of Finance, it made an accompanying resolution that the National Property Bureau should no longer be commissioned for the national land management business under the existing management system, and all commissioned lands should be recovered within a time limit for centralized management. From May 5 to 7, 1994, two committees in the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) and the Ministry of Interior (MOI), along with the Control Yuan, also conducted a site survey along the Alishan Highway, and National Property Bureau was requested to review the matters of taking back the relevant lands for self-management. In the “Proposal for Clearance and Disposal of National and Publicly Occupied Lands” reported by Ministry of Finance (MOF) to the Executive Yuan for reference, it was suggested that the National Property Bureau should draw up the self-management measures for the commissioned lands recovered. For county and city governments with less willingness or poor performance in managing the commissioned lands, the related commissioned lands were all taken back for self-administration. The National Property Bureau offered a “Proposal for Taking Back Commissioned National Lands from each County and City Government by the National Property Bureau of the Ministry of Finance” to the Executive Yuan in July 1996 for approval, where all commissioned lands were taken back by the National Property Bureau for self-management, except for commissioned lands that were listed under the release of public lands, which remained under the commissioned management of county and city governments. In recent years, regarding related land resources, the National Property Administration has taken proactive measures, without stubbornly retaining public national lands, so as to increase income from national properties, by way of strengthening commissioned operations, and strengthening joint improvement and utilization via cooperation with various agencies.